on some major health problems: Part 2
2 Diabetes in Children
(taken from an article in JAMA)
type 2 diabetes the pancreas produces insulin, but the cells are unable to use
it efficiently, resulting in insulin resistance. In type 1 diabetes the body destroys
the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. The pancreas then stops producing
1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. The risk factors for type
2 diabetes include obesity, puberty and sedentary lifestyle. These cause the disease
by promoting insulin resistance.
With modest weight loss you can achieve an improvement in insulin
sensitivity. Significant weight loss can promote normalization of blood sugar
levels and permanent resolution of the disease.
Baked goods, fried fast foods and other prepared foods high in
fat increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, while polyunsaturated fat from vegetable
and fish sources decreases risk.
Even moderate physical activity such as daily walking will decrease
risk for type 2 diabetes. In contrast, sedentary activities such as TV and video
games increase the risk for obesity. The authors conclude that the above causes
have produced a ten-fold increase in some pediatric populations over the past
Early diagnosis is the key to controlling the progression to beta cell failure.
Type 2 diabetes can be without symptoms in the early stages. The American Diabetes
Association recommends screening of overweight children at age 10 if they have
other risk factors, such as family history, high blood pressure or high cholesterol
A RESULT OF THIS UNPRECEDENTED EPIDEMIC, CORONARY HEART DISEASE MAY BECOME A DISEASE
OF YOUNG ADULTHOOD.